The Concept of Paradise in the Qur’an from the Pen of Selman Okumuş Preface to the Thesis

The fact that all kinds of actions, attitudes and behaviours that human beings perform on earth with their own free will will be rewarded in some way in the afterlife is a common element in the sacred texts and mythological understandings of other religions, especially in the Qur’an, which have the belief in the hereafter. In the Qur’an, the positive dimension of this situation that human beings will face after death, in other words, the reward for good behaviours, is referred to as “heaven”, and the negative dimension, in other words, the punishment for evil deeds, is referred to as “hell”.

Paradise, which is the reward of good behaviour in the hereafter, appears in all religions as a place with green, trees, shade, and all kinds of blessings that will appeal to human pleasure, and in the Qur’an, these descriptions are presented in a very vivid and concrete way. The main point of departure in this research is to reveal the meaning of the descriptions of paradise presented by the Qur’an and the features among them in the spiritual and social world of human beings and to try to understand the related verses more accurately by bringing up the interpretations about the concept of paradise, especially as mentioned in the verses, and discussing the subject.

It is also useful to draw attention to the following issue. Although it is considered possible to prove its existence with some logical deductions, it is a clear fact that paradise is not an area that can be learnt about through observation and experimentation, it is a matter of belief.


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